Fragments from the books
(the fragment of the book "Battles of ancient gods")
In many ancient texts Jambudvipu environed by oceans is very detailed described - an ancient continent having a rounded form and stretched in the south to India (or to Tibet which was in this place before India). In its central part there was Meru mount (Sumeru) identified with the world centre, or the North pole. Such continent only Hyperborea cold be and only in Paleocene time (when there was no inner sea in its central part yet) or in Eocene time (when Meru mount was in the middle of an inner sea).
In any event, it was not earlier than 66 million years and not later than 34 million years ago (most likely, not later than 45-40 million years ago)...
The very detailed description of geography of this continent in the Old Indian literature speaks that there existed then some highly-developed civilisation on it which had excellent cartographers and has managed to save data about this country during subsequent 40 or even 60 million years.
À. Koltypin " Battles of ancient goods"
Marking out (separating out) the most suitable for life in Paleocene and Eocene epochs of Palaeogene period (66-34 million years ago) continents in the extreme north and south parts of the terrestrial globe - Hyperborea and Antarctica, climatic conditions of which matched featured in legends about the "Golden Age" ones, allows to look in an absolutely new fashion at the saved till our time maps of Hyperborea by Gerhardus Merkator (1554) and Antarctica by Piri Reis (1513), Orontius Fineus (1531), Hadzhi Ahmed (1559), Phillip Bousher (1737) and other cartographers and navigators.
Let's start from maps of Antarctica. On P. Bousher's map entirely free from ices Antarctica is shown, and water space parting it on two big islands, comparable with Greenland, is described in the middle of the mainland at that. Such pattern could be characteristic only prior to the beginning of Oligocene epoch (34-30 million years ago) when in the East Antarctica glaciers had begun to take shape. According to some explorers , the first traces of glaciation had occured on the southern continent even earlier - in the middle of Eocene epoch (45-42 million years ago). However, data in this respect is not too convincing, besides, they contradict to finds in Antarctica subtropical Eocene floras.
On O. Fineus's map Antarctica with ice-free shores, mountains and rivers is imaged. The relief of the central part of the map is not marked out that could be related as to availability in this area a small Polar cap, and with some other reasons. According to materials of geological investigations, glaciation of Antarctica with a polar cap forming had started in the beginning of Miocene epoch of Neogene period (24-20 million years ago). During Early Miocene temperate climate remained on the larger part of this mainland and only to the middle of Miocene (about 13 million years ago) an ice-cap had locked the bulk of this continent. Therefore, O. Fineus's map, most likely, corresponds to 24 - 20 million years ago' time.
On P. Reis's map Antarctica is shown jointed to the South America. Differentiation of these mainlands, according to the majority of explorers,
had originated or in Eocene and Oligocene boundary, or in the boundary of Palaeogene and Neogene periods (34-24 million years ago). Means, the original of this map had been charted not earlier this time.
Thus, all three listed maps of Antarctica define the time of their charting from 34, perhaps 42-45, till 20 million years ago, that is they are proper for the end of "Golden Age", or the period following it at once.
Let's view now the map of Hyperborea of G. Merkator. The continent located on-site of the Arctic ocean with an inner sea which is divided into four parts by larger rivers or channels is marked out on it. There are no traces of glaciation on this continent and situated in the neighbourhood with it Greenland and islands of the Arctic ocean. The first glaciers had occured in Arctic regions approximately in the middle of Miocene epoch of Neogene period (10-16 million years ago). Means, G. Merkator's map defines about the same time, as P. Bousher, O. Fineus and P. Reis's maps.
Availability in Paleogene and, perhaps, Early Neogene (Miocene) near the northern and the southern poles of the Earth big mainlands - Hyperborea and Antarctica, which were situated in zones of warm, subtropical and tropical climates and were covered by broad-leaved, subtropical and tropical vegetation, in a combination with perpetually shining or for a short while hidind for horizon the sun, confirms numerous legends that the mankind cradle was in the northern, and, perhaps, and in the southern, polar latitudes. Therefore, the most suitable places for searching of remnants of our far forerunners are not Africa or Asia where remnants of Australopithecuses, Pithecanthropuses, Sinanthropuses and others apelike "grandparents of men" had been found, and are the bottom of Arctic ocean and hidden by ice the rock bed of Greenland, northern polar islands and Antarctica! But today they are hidden from eyes of explorers. Probably, therefore we do not know till now "in a face" our true grandparents, and we are content with that we begin our genus from a monkey.
© A.V. Koltypin, 2009
I, the author of this article A.V.Koltypin, permit to use it for any not prohibited by the current legislation purposes under condition of the direction of my authorship and the link to this site. If you liked the work, buy my book " Disappeared inhabitants of the Earth" in russian-language book-shops now or some later when it will be translated into English and other languages and be published in your country.
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Ë.Ìîðàí, ß.Áýêìàí, Õ.Áðèíêõóñ è äð.